The overarching goal of the Mayor's Transport Strategy is that by 2041, 80% of journeys are to be made by walking, cycling and public transport.
Other ambitions are that by 2041:
Cycling and walking will be a core part of London's future success. The latest research on the economic contribution they make to the high street, businesses and London's growth is on the Economic benefits of walking and cycling page.
The Cycling action plan sets out how we intend to achieve the Mayor's Transport Strategy goals and to make London a city where cycling is attractive and accessible for all, regardless of age, gender or ability.
The plan suggests clear steps to address the issues that stop people cycling in London.
The three key strands to the action plan are:
To encourage cycling, Londoners need safe, accessible routes that are not dominated by motorised traffic.
Our Temporary Traffic Management handbook offers guidance to industry to ensure that people can still walk and cycle when roadworks are taking place.
Making a cycle journey should be as convenient as any other mode of transport.
Londoners who rely on technology for journey planning and on-street navigation can get help from two tools launched in 2019:
Improving access to bikes and cycle parking can help unlock new cycle journeys.
We work with schools and communities to remove barriers and change perceptions about cycling.
Other date sources include Attitudes to cycling surveys, STATS19 collision data and monitoring of new schemes. Some of these are on the Cycling & walking research page.
Cycling has more than doubled in London since 2000 growing on average 5.8% a year from 2000-2017. Growth is strongest in areas where investment has been made in infrastructure. For example, in central London cycling rates increased by 20% between October-December 2014 and October-December 2018.
But surveys show there are still barriers to cycling in London such as fear of collision. And, despite the increases, the demographic make up of cyclists in London does not reflect the city's great diversity.
Plans for the future growth of London's cycle network are based on the Strategic cycling analysis (2017). See the report on the Cycling page in Publications & reports.
New routes are prioritised based on current and future demand, new housing and jobs growth and where there are barriers and concerns preventing people from cycling.
The Walking action plan sets out how we will work with the boroughs, Business Improvement Districts, businesses, the police, schools, community and residents' groups and stakeholder organisations to tackle barriers to walking - and to make it the easiest and most attractive way of making short trips in London.
Our four main areas of actions are to:
The Walking action plan sits alongside other policies in the Mayor's Transport Strategy such as Vision Zero for London.
We're investing record levels in walking and cycling, with £2.2bn dedicated to the Healthy Streets programme in our five-year Business Plan. Major schemes to improve walking include the Safer Junctions programme and Liveable Neighbourhoods.
We are embedding the Healthy Streets Approach at the heart of our decision-making - with resources available to help put it into practice.
The resources listed below can be used to analyse the urban environment and ensure that infrastructure is planned to encourage more walking.
For detailed design advice, designers should refer to TfL's library of technical guidance for streets: the Streets toolkit.
The planning for walking toolkit brings together a range of best practice tools that TfL uses and has developed over recent years to plan and design pedestrian related infrastructure improvements in London.
It sets out a practical approach for transport planners to build an evidence base for targeted improvements to the walking environment, and introduces key Pedestrian Network Design Principles that focus on the needs of all pedestrians to ensure the provision of a consistently high quality experience.
The Strategic walking analysis brings together insights and analysis on walking which will allow TfL, boroughs and other partners to prioritise investment in walking and deliver improvements using an evidence-based approach.
The Pedestrian Comfort Guidance is a tool that helps us assess whether pavements are wide enough for the number of pedestrians who use them.
The document describes how to carry out a comfort assessment and review the results. You can use the comfort level spreadsheet to calculate the results.
PERS is an audit tool used to assess the quality of places where people walk - such as a street, crossing, around a bus stop or park.
It scores factors which affect people's experience of using streets and public spaces. These include the width of pavements and steepness of dropped kerbs, as well as their general look and feel.
Most walking in London is part of a longer public transport journey, so improving and expanding the public transport network will increase walking.
The Elizabeth line will be an opportunity to activate thousands of new walking trips. We are also creating 'Active Travel Hub' TfL stations, and improving walkability to central London stations and bus stops.
Streets make up 80% of public space in London. People don't just travel through these places, they also spend time there. We need to support people to reclaim their streets for the uses they need including socialising and children playing.
We have produced new guidance to support temporary, light-touch and low-cost projects to change the way a streets looks and feels - see Small Change, Big Impact on the Healthy Streets page.
Most children in London - 8 in 10 - do not reach the recommended minimum of one hour of physical activity a day. We promote walking to school through our STARS programme, an accreditation scheme for schools, nurseries and colleges to inspire young Londoners to travel sustainably, actively, responsibly and safely. We want to double the number of gold-accredited schools from 5000 to 1,000 by 2024.
London's navigation system, Legible London, makes it easy for people on foot to find their way around. The navigation system includes detailed maps and signs showing realistic walking times. Legible London is integrated across London's transport system.
Maps can be found in Tube stations, at bus stops and Santander Cycles docking stations. We work with boroughs, Business Improvement Districts and other organisations to expand the system.
We support the Walk London network. This consists of seven high quality walking routes across Greater London:
The clearly signed routes are specifically designed to be easily accessible by public transport so people can walk as little or as far as they want. The routes give London one of the largest managed walking networks of any city in the world.