Licensing information

Licences issued

The following figures cover the week ending Sunday 19 June 2022:

  • Taxi driver licences - 19,126 a decrease of 45 on the previous week, there were 5 new licences issued
  • 17,125 hold All London licences and 2,140 hold Suburban licences*
  • Taxi vehicle licences - 14,803 a decrease of 7 on the previous week, there were 23 new licences issued
  • 5,694 ZEC taxis have been licensed to date
  • Private hire driver licences - 98,202 a decrease of 191 on the previous week, there were 56 new licences issued
  • Private hire vehicle licences - 81,855 an increase of 52 on the previous week, there were 416 new licences issued
  • Private hire operator licences - 1,663 a decrease of 3 on the previous week, there were 3 new licence issued

*The All London/Suburban breakdown is collated monthly (current numbers up to date as of 29 May 2022)

Taxi and private hire licensing figures by year:



Year Vehicles Drivers: All London Drivers: Suburban Drivers: Total
09/10 22,445 21,334 3,580 24,914
10/11 22,558 21,499 3,571 25,070
11/12 23,099 21,690 3,646 25,336
12/13 22,168 21,733 3,727 25,460
13/14 22,810 21,876 3,662 25,538
14/15 22,500 21,724 3,508 25,232
15/16 21,759 21,500 3,370 24,870
16/17 21,300 21,274 3,213 24,487
17/18 21,026 20,803 3,023 23,826
18/19 20,136 20,301 2,858 23,159
19/20 18,504 19,642 2,695 22,337
20/21 13,461 18,341 2,445 20,786


Private Hire

Year Operators Drivers Vehicles
09/10 2,882 59,191 49,355
10/11 3,111 61,200 50,663
11/12 3,164 64,063 53,960
12/13 3,159 66,975 49,854
13/14 3,038 65,656 52,811
14/15 3,006 78,690 62,724
15/16 2,814 101,434 78,139
16/17 2,430 117,712 87,409
17/18 2,373 113,645 87,921
18/19 2,206 106,777 88,113
19/20 2,113 111,766 94,712
20/21 1,955 105,329 77,726

Taxi and private hire driver postcode data

This document contains a breakdown of partial home postcode data for taxi and private hire drivers licensed in London. This data is accurate as of October 2020.

This document contains a breakdown of the taxi and private hire driver demographic, including data on the gender, age and ethnicity of licensees, and of Knowledge students who have yet to be licensed. This data is accurate as of December 2021.

Taxi and private hire fleet information

The following list provides details of the age and vehicle types that make up the licensed taxi and private hire vehicle fleets in London. To comply with air quality standards, taxis can be licensed for a maximum of 14 years, and private hire vehicle for 10. However, limited exemptions apply which means that certain vehicles such as those that are wheelchair accessible, can be licensed for an additional period. Please visit our vehicle licensing page to find out more about our licensing requirements.

Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS)

DBS Update Service

Help avoid delays with your DBS and save money, by signing up to the DBS update service. You can sign up from the date you receive your application reference number to 19 days after your disclosure has been issued.

The DBS update service is an online subscription service that lets you keep your DBS certificates up to date and allows employers to check a certificate online, with your consent. It also means that you don't have to make a separate application for an Enhanced Disclosure as part of your application to renew your licence. Maintaining your yearly subscription to the service costs £13 a year, which is cheaper than applying for a new disclosure every three years. The DBS Update Service will save you time, as further applications and ID checks will only be requested when an update has been made to your disclosure.  

You can register online as soon as you have your application form reference number. You can ask for the number when you apply for your DBS check. Or you can wait and register with your certificate number when you receive your DBS certificate. If so, you must do so within 19 days of the certificate being issued.

When you join, you'll get an online account that lets you:

  • Take your certificate from one job to the next
  • Give employers permission to check your certificate online and see who has checked it
  • Add or remove a certificate

Read the detailed guidance for applicants.

Important information about DBS update service

  • If you have signed up for the DBS update service you are advised to retain your original DBS certificate.
  • If your certificate is lost or misplaced then you will be required to apply for a new DBS
  • If you change address you will need to inform the DBS update service but you will not be required to apply for a new DBS certificate.
  • If you change your name or have any new convictions, cautions or warnings then you will be required to undertake a new DBS certificate.
  • If you have signed up for the service and you lose your credit/debit card or it expires, you will need to contact the DBS update service to provide your new card details. If the DBS update service is unable to debit your account when required and your subscription is stopped, then your disclosure will no longer be valid.

Licence fees

All income we receive from licence fees must, by law, be spent on the delivery of taxi and private hire licensing and compliance activities, including:

  • All back office costs and all contract costs
  • Our taxi and private hire compliance activity
  • Contributions toward the cost of dedicated police cab enforcement activity
  • All Knowledge of London exam costs for new taxi drivers

Approximately 70% of licence income comes from the private hire trade.

Find out more about how we spend our licence fees:

Limiting private hire vehicles and taxis

Currently, if an applicant meets the statutory eligibility criteria, we are legally obliged to issue a licence.

The Mayor has called on the government to provide further legislative powers for us, so it can cap the total number of PHVs in London. In addition, we have altered the structure of licence fees paid by operators of different sizes to better reflect the costs of compliance and enforcement activity. This will provide further financial incentive for operators to maximise the efficiency of their operations and minimise the number of vehicles they use across London as a whole.

The Mayor has also secured a commitment to progress separate legislation to enable us to regulate pedicabs, which will help us to alleviate the congestion they cause in central London, particularly in the evening.


1,938 driver applications are awaiting initial assessment. Of those applications, 913 are new, 9 is for taxi driver licences and 904 are for private hire. There are 1025 renewal applications (128 taxi, 789 private hire and 108 priority renewal cases). Renewal applications are prioritised over new applications.


Our telephony service is currently closed and we are operating an email-only contact centre until further notice.

We received 7,101 emails to our dedicated mailboxes for the week ending 06 February 2022.


The number of candidates studying the Knowledge of London is currently 278 at Stage 3, 118 at Stage 4 and 99 at Stage 5. In addition, as of January 2022, there were 355 candidates that had not yet reached Stage 3.