When you're travelling on public transport, follow the safer travel guidance. Safety and hygiene measures help protect you and everyone else on the transport network.

1. Travel around London with a Visitor Oyster card

A Visitor Oyster card is a smartcard with pay as you go credit that allows you to travel on most public transport in London. Buy a Visitor Oyster card online and have it delivered to your home so that it's ready to use as soon as you arrive in London. That way, you won't have to queue to get one.

Pay as you go fares are cheaper than buying paper single tickets. You can also use your contactless debit or credit card to pay as you go on London's public transport, although overseas transaction fees may apply.

2. Touch in and out on the yellow card readers

Remember to touch your Visitor Oyster card in at the yellow card reader at the start of your journey and to touch out at the end on Tube, DLR, London Overground, Elizabeth line and most National Rail services in London. On buses and trams, just touch your card on the yellow reader at the start of your journey - you don't need to touch out when you get off.

3. Travel outside the busiest times

Plan your journey in advance with the TfL Go app or our Journey Planner, and where possible, travel when it's less busy. You could enjoy a quicker, more comfortable journey, especially if you're carrying heavy luggage/a rucksack, or travelling in a group.

Check the quieter times to travel by public transport and when individual stations and stops are busiest.

4. Stand on the right

Always stand on the right when using the escalators at Tube stations, leaving enough space free for passengers in a hurry. Once you get onto the platform, always stand behind the yellow line and move along the platform where more space is available so it's easier to board the next train.

Graphic showing customer standing on the right of an escalator while other customers walk down the escalator on the left side.

5. Travel differently

See a different side to London.

You'll find that there are plenty of street maps to help you get around and it could be quick than taking the Tube or the bus.

Other travel tips

Luggage and rucksacks

When carrying luggage on the Tube, look out for the raised platform areas to board and, where possible, avoid travelling during the busiest times: you may have an easier journey. Although staff will be present they may not be able to assist you with luggage as a result of carrying out other duties. If you're carrying a rucksack, remove it when you board a train and place it by your feet.

Travel by bus

Try travelling by bus - it's one of the cheapest and most scenic ways to travel. Our map of key bus routes in central London will help you plan your way around the city and its landmarks.

Remember, you cannot pay for your London bus fare in cash. You will need an Oyster or contactless payment card, or a valid ticket, to pay for your bus journey.

Graphic showing a customer standing on the right of an escalator, holding the handrail with their luggage behind them

Don't rush for the train

The Tube operates a very frequent service, so there's no need to rush for the first train. This allows you time to move down the platform where more space might be available.

Graphic showing customer running for train doors and that this is dangerous next to image showing customer correctly waiting for the next train in 1 minute.

Get expert advice - go to a Visitor Centre

Our Visitor Centres can help you plan your London visit. There you can buy tickets for travelling around London, getting to the airport or tickets for many of London's major attractions and shows.