Vehicles in this category:

  • HGVs, lorries, vans or other specialist vehicles over 3.5 tonnes
  • Buses/minibuses and coaches over 5 tonnes

Currently, these vehicles must meet the Euro IV standard for particulate matter (PM), whether they are used for commercial or for private purposes.

Changes to LEZ emissions standards from 2021

Tougher emissions standards for the Low Emission Zone (LEZ) are due to come into force from 1 March 2021. The date will be reviewed and confirmed in October 2020 and any later start date published on our website.

This is to give affected businesses more time to meet the new standards as they face intense demands from the coronavirus pandemic.

Heavy vehicles including lorries, buses, coaches and specialist vehicles will need to meet Euro VI (NOx and PM) emissions standards or pay a daily charge to drive within the Greater London area.

If you must pay LEZ charges because of the tougher standards, you will not have to pay a separate ULEZ charge.

Use our vehicle checker to see if your vehicle meets the current emissions standards.

Petrol or diesel vehicles in central London must also meet Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) standards, even if they meet LEZ standards.

Meeting the current standards

The current LEZ emissions standards are based on Euro standards for the emission of PM. PM is very fine particles of soot emitted by vehicles - this pollution can contribute to asthma, heart and lung disease, other respiratory illnesses and even early death. 

The age and weight of a vehicle indicate the level of PM it produces.

Vehicles included in the current Euro IV standard for PM

Over 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight:

  • Lorries
  • Vans
  • Motor caravans
  • Motorised horseboxes
  • Breakdown and recovery vehicles
  • Snow ploughs
  • Gritters
  • Refuse collection vehicles
  • Road sweepers
  • Concrete mixers
  • Fire engines
  • Tippers
  • Removal lorries
  • Other specialist heavy vehicles

Over 5 tonnes gross vehicle weight:

  • Buses/minibuses
  • Coaches

Find out more on our check if your vehicle is affected page.

Vehicles meet the current standards if they:

  • Were first registered as new with the DVLA on or after 1 October 2006, or
  • Have a Low Emission Certificate (LEC) or a Reduced Pollution Certificate (RPC) for fitting an approved full filter or converting to an approved gas engine

Vehicles won't meet the current standards if they:

  • Were first registered as new with the DVLA any time before 1 October 2006, or
  • Currently hold a LEC or an RPC but you have only fitted a partial filter, or
  • Have a LEC or an RPC for an Eligible Engine (these no longer meet the LEZ standards), or
  • Have an RPC which has box 'M' ticked (this can be found under the 'Particulate trap fitted or modification type used' section of the certificate)

If  your vehicle doesn't meet the LEZ standards, you will need to pay the daily LEZ charge.

Find out more about vehicles with LECs and RPCs.

HGV Safety Permit from 2021

Enforcement will be introduced from 1 March 2021 at the earliest. The start date will be confirmed by October 2020 and published on our website. 

This is to give the freight industry more time to meet the new standards as they face intense demands from the coronavirus pandemic. 

Find out more about the Direct Vision Standard (DVS) for HGVs.