Our bus network now carries 2.3 billion passengers a year - more than the rest of England combined. We're constantly looking at how new technology can help to improve our customers' journeys and reduce our impact on the environment.
All TfL buses operating in the ULEZ in central London meet or exceed Euro VI emission standards. Euro VI is the latest emission standard for vehicles reducing emissions of NOx by up to 95%. The buses operating in the area are made up of zero emission (at tail pipe) buses, new Euro VI standard buses, buses retrofitted to Euro VI standards and hybrid Euro VI standard buses.
Our growing fleet of greener buses now includes over 150 electric buses and from 2020 all new single deck buses entering the fleet will be zero emission (at tailpipe). They will be a mix of hydrogen buses and electric buses. These buses will contribute to improving air quality and are also much quieter, with lower vibration levels for a more comfortable experience.
Electric buses on routes 507 and 521 have live information boards that tell you how long it is to your next stop as well as live status updates across other parts of our network. Many electric bus have handy USB ports for charging your phone.
The zones are designed to tackle the worst air quality hotspots outside central London by concentrating cleaner buses on the most polluting routes, helping people to breathe cleaner air and our city to flourish.
The introduction of Low Emission Bus Zones will mean that all scheduled TfL buses travelling within the zone will need to meet or exceed latest Euro VI emissions standards.
The zones have been progressively launched since 2017 - we're now over halfway to completing all 12 Low Emission Bus Zones by the end of 2019. This forms a central part of the Mayor's far-reaching plans for a drastic clean-up of London's toxic air.
The zones which have now been launched are as follows:
The other zones will be introduced in the following areas:
We plan to retrofit around 4,200 buses so that they meet the latest emissions standards (Euro VI) as quickly as possible.
The introduction and expansion of these technologies play a key role in improving the air we breathe in London.
Over 3,500 diesel-electric hybrid buses currently run through the Capital, making up 30% of our bus fleet. All of these buses are quieter, more fuel-efficient and cleaner than standard diesel buses.
All new double-deck buses entering our fleet are diesel-hybrid meeting Euro VI emissions standards.
We have also started using wireless charging technology on some of our buses running on route 69 as part of Project ZeEus. The buses are fitted with special technology enabling on-board batteries to receive a charge boost on plates fitted at bus stands at either end of the route.
This should enable the buses to operate in pure electric mode for a significant period of the time they are in passenger service.
The trial uses inductive charging technology allowing the buses to top up their batteries without needing to be physically plugged in.
The buses have a diesel engine that will be used when battery power is depleted. But we anticipate this will only be a small amount of the time, meaning emissions on these vehicles are greatly reduced.
Passengers will notice that these extended range diesel electric hybrid buses offer much lower noise and vibration levels compared to conventional diesel vehicles. The buses have significantly reduced tail pipe emissions, resulting in improved air quality and cleaner air for London.
Reduced fuel use will mean lower carbon emissions. The trial will help us develop plans for greater use of electric buses in central London in the future.
We've also been running trials of a combination of diesel and bio-fuel made from used cooking oil from the catering industry.
This is designed to test the feasibility of running London's bus fleet on a 20% bio-diesel blend, which would produce around 15% fewer carbon emissions over their lifespan than ordinary diesel-powered vehicles.
Our arrivals boards at more than 2,500 bus stops let customers know when their next bus is due. And the audio-visual technology on all of our buses helps people navigate their journeys around London.
We're also making accurate, live service information available to customers on their mobile phones, tablets and other devices, as well as at roadside signs and public locations like hospital waiting rooms, schools and shopping centres.
Passengers can even check when their next bus is due before leaving the house. At the same time, app developers are using our travel information to launch more and more useful products.
We rely on a system called iBus for this information. Operating on all London Buses, iBus uses a combination of technologies, including satellite tracking, to pinpoint the location of buses, relaying information between the driver, garage and central control point.
We are making a number of changes along our bus routes to improve the experience for customers. These include:
As Night Tube services are introduced, we've started running more weekend-only Night bus services to help passengers start or finish their Night Tube journeys.
This is also providing new local travel opportunities. The new Night bus services are in addition to London's already extensive network of 24-hour bus services.
We're investing in enhancements across London's bus network to keep it efficient and reliable - making sure we provide the best quality of service to our customers.
The programme gives buses priority in areas like:
We're also extending and redirecting bus routes to support housing growth across London.