FOI request detail

Monies received from PCNs

Request ID: FOI-1363-1718
Date published: 27 September 2017

You asked

How much money was raised from April 2016 to March 2017 from issuing PCN's. Tfl states that all monies received are invested in London Transport network, Where and how monies raised have been spent and invested and in what projects.

We answered

Our Ref: FOI-1363-1718

Thank you for your request received on 4 September 2017 asking for information about monies received from penalty charge notices (PCNs).

Your request has been considered in accordance with the requirements of the Freedom of Information Act and our information access policy. I can confirm we hold some of the information you require.

Further to my e-mail of 7 September 2017 in which I asked you to confirm whether you were referring to Congestion Charge PCNs or those issued for parking and on-street contraventions, I have sourced the information below.
TfL is responsible for the operation of the Congestion Charge, the Low Emission Zone (LEZ) and for the enforcement of red route parking, moving traffic and bus lane contraventions. Please refer to the table below for a breakdown of payments received and PCNs issued across each scheme:

1 April 2016 - 31 March 2017 Gross Income* (£m)  Expenditure (£m) Net Income (£m) PCNs Issued
Congestion Charging - 249.6  85.7  - 164.0  949,513
Low Emission Zone - 3.5  3.0  - 0.6  25,406
Red Route Traffic Enforcement - 32.8  14.1  - 18.7  505,804
* Congestion Charging and Low Emission Zone gross income includes charge and enforcement income
* Traffic Enforcement gross income includes payments received for PCNs only

Owners of vehicles used within the Congestion Charging and LEZ are required to pay the relevant daily charge for their vehicle by midnight on the next charging day. We refer to these daily charge payments as charge income. Owners who do not pay the daily charge risk incurring a PCN for non-payment. We refer to these PCN payments as enforcement income. Since Congestion Charging and LEZ are run as single operations, we do not record the net charge and enforcement income separately; rather we report the net income across each scheme as a whole. We are therefore unable to provide information about the net income received only from PCNs issued for non-payment of Congestion Charge and LEZ daily charges. All Traffic Enforcement income relates to PCN payments.
All of our income is incorporated into the wider TfL budget and reinvested into ongoing improvements in London’s transport infrastructure. When we draft our annual budget and Business Plan, we include a percentage breakdown of how the projected net Congestion Charging income will be reinvested, which is set out in the table below. Reinvestment of net income from red route parking PCNs is published annually on our website in line with the Local Government Transparency Code. We do not record how LEZ, moving traffic or bus lane is reinvested and therefore do not hold this information.

Forecasted reinvestment of net Congestion Charging revenue:
2016/17 TfL Business Plan % £m
Bus Network Improvements 81  132.8
Borough Plans 7  11.5
Roads and Bridges 9  14.8
Road Safety Plan 1  1.6
Walking and Cycling 2  3.3
Total 100  164.0

If this is not the information you are looking for, or if you are unable to access it for some reason, please feel free to contact me.

Please see the attached information sheet for details of your right to appeal.

Yours sincerely

Gemma Jacob
FOI Case Officer
FOI Case Management Team
General Counsel
Transport for London
[email protected]

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