We need to clean up London's air and rid the Capital of the most polluting vehicles. The Mayor has an ambition for the Capital to be a zero-carbon city by 2030 and to bring improvements in air quality as part of the Mayor's Transport Strategy.

To achieve this, we're supporting and accelerating the shift to zero emission technologies, such as electric cars, led by an Electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure strategy. We've launched a draft summary of this strategy - the full document will be published by the end of 2021.

Car parked and using a rapid charge point

Zero emission capable (ZEC) vehicles

ZEC is the collective term for vehicles that can operate with zero exhaust emissions. Find out more about ZEC vehicles, and get help to choose the right vehicle for you, at Go Ultra Low.

There are three types of ZEC vehicles:

  • 100% pure electric vehicles are powered by a battery which drives the electric motor. They have no exhaust emissions. Battery electric vehicles typically have a range of around 80 miles but some can achieve up to 300 miles
  • Plug-in hybrid and range-extended electric vehicles also have a conventional diesel or petrol engine, meaning they have a longer range than with a battery alone
  • Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles have a fuel cell which uses hydrogen to produce electricity and power the vehicle's wheels. They typically have a range of around 300 miles

Benefits

By switching to a zero emission-capable vehicle you can save money on fuel costs, reduce harmful vehicle emissions and help clean up London's air.

There are also financial benefits:

Charging your vehicle

Most people charge at home overnight or at their workplace. Grants are available for electric vehicle charging infrastructure at home and at workplaces.

Public charge points can be found on the street and in key destinations such as shopping areas.

The rapid charging network allows faster and more efficient charging of your electric vehicle so you can charge while on the move. It usually takes 20 minutes to get an 80% charge.

Slower charge points are also available - these can take 5-8 hours for a full charge. If you are a Londoner who does not have access to off-street parking to charge at home, you can suggest a location for the delivery of an on-street, slow charge point through your borough. Find out how to suggest a location for a new charge point near to where you live.

Map of electric vehicle charge points

Charge point maps by Zap-Map show where both privately funded and TfL funded rapid charge points, as well as other charger speeds, are installed across London.

The maps allows you to check which charge points are available, find your nearest rapid charging point and even plan a driving route to go via a rapid charging point. Zap-Map can also be downloaded as an app on your mobile.

Street side vehicle charging point

Electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure delivery plan

Speeding up the switch to electric vehicles is critical to creating a zero emission future. The Mayor's Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Taskforce, made up of experts representing business, energy, infrastructure, government and London boroughs works to unlock barriers to expanding charging infrastructure and accelerating the switch to EVs in London.

The London electric vehicle infrastructure delivery plan published in 2019 shows fleets, businesses and London's residents that there is a clear way forward towards the right type and amount of charging infrastructure to serve London's needs. Its forecasts have since been updated in our new EV infrastructure strategy.

We've created guidance for borough officers and third party organisations to help them with the installation of new EV charge points.

You can read about the progress made since the launch of the London electric vehicle infrastructure delivery plan in the One year on progress report.

London's 2030 electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure strategy

A draft summary of London's 2030 Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Strategy has been published, with the full strategy due to follow at the end of 2021.

This strategy looks ahead to 2030, taking into account recent and expected future developments in the industry. It also updates our understanding of typical user requirements as the transition to EVs accelerates beyond early adopters.

The strategy sets out what is needed to ensure there is enough EV infrastructure in London by 2030, and proposes how we will work with the wider public sector and private sector to achieve this.

Other support for electric vehicles in London

We're making London's taxis to be the greenest in the world. New taxis need to be zero-emission capable to be licensed, and private hire vehicles (minicabs) need to meet new tighter requirements. Dedicated e-taxi bays are being installed to promote the greening of London's iconic black cab fleet. Find out more about our how we're creating greener taxis and greener PHVs.

Go Ultra Low City Scheme (GULCS) is a joint TfL, Greater London Authority and boroughs project that has installed more than 4,000 on-street electric charge points for London's residents. The project is also funding at least six 'Neighbourhood of the Future' (NoF) projects to test EV charging technologies and policies.

LoCITY is an industry-led programme to help the freight and fleet sector lead the way in improving air quality and reducing carbon emissions.

We publish Ultra Low Emission Vehicle research to help us, the London boroughs and charge point providers put charging infrastructure in the right places.