Buses performance data
We measure network performance by comparing the number of kilometres a route has done in the last quarter.
We compare each quarter to the same quarter of the previous year, rather than the last quarter of the same year. This is because factors affecting performance, like traffic conditions, can vary depending on the time of year, so this system makes it possible to identify underlying trends.
Scheduled kilometres may not be met because journeys are cancelled or suspended due to:
- Traffic congestion
- Staff availability
- Engineering problems or mechanical breakdown
Quality of service indicators (QSI) are used to monitor service reliability.
We ask a sample of passengers to give a score out of 100 on a wide range of bus service features, based on the journey they have just made. Passengers are carefully selected each quarter to represent all bus passengers in London.
Recent figures can be found in the latest quarter summary document below.
Defining the passenger journey
A passenger journey is defined as one ride on a single vehicle - not a bus trip from A to B as this may include more than one bus ride.
Statistics include all London Buses' contracted services but exclude any non-scheduled kilometres, London Service Permit routes and other special services.
The following reports summarise performance statistics (based on a variety of criteria):
Annual Network Performance Summary - 2019-20
Quarterly Network Performance Summary - Quarter 1 2020-21
Long Term Trend Performance Graphs (to end of 2018-19)
Bus service usage: passengers and kilometres operated by route, 2018/19
Bus User Survey (2014)
Good and Improved routes by Borough - (No longer being produced)
Bus speeds reports
We monitor the speeds of buses to understand the impacts of changing road network conditions. Bus speeds include time spent stationary (for example at traffic lights and at bus stops). Bus speeds are available for the entire network, by borough, and by route.
- All data is in miles per hour
- All AM data is taken for Mondays to Fridays, School and Non School days, between 07:00 and 10:00
- At Route level, some routes may be appear twice. This is because a service change happened during a period. A service change may include a change to a route structure, contract or operator
Factors affecting performance
Quarter 1 2020/21: 01 April to 26 June 2020
Performance across all metrics was far removed from the norm as the Covid19 lockdown imposed towards the end of March had an unprecedented impact across London for the whole quarter.
Bus services were reduced at the start of lockdown but service levels began a recovery towards the end of May and overall 87% of normal mileage was scheduled during the quarter. The percentage of this reduced service that was operated was far higher than Q1 last year with an increase in some lost mileage categories and reductions in others. Losses due to traffic delays decreased significantly to the lowest ever level as lockdown removed most disruption and saw vastly reduced vehicles on the roads. Conversely, the impact of the virus caused an increase in losses due to staff reasons, although a recruitment push improved matters towards the end of the quarter. The occurrence of disruptive events was much less than usual but included a series of Black Lives Matter demonstrations in June. Lost kilometres due to mechanical reasons was lower compared with a year ago as reduced services meant less intensive use of available vehicles.
Until 2017/18, average bus speeds had been in consistent decline. The deterioration had been reversing over the past 2 years, although speeds remained much slower than in 2014. Overall bus speeds in Q1 were significantly higher than a year ago in all areas of London having been boosted by the impacts of the Covid19 lockdown. Prior to the lockdown speeds had declined slightly in all areas except inner SW London.
Compared with Q1 a year ago, EWT improved significantly as the dual Covid19 impacts of reduced passenger numbers and less traffic disruption produced record reliability results. Prior to the lockdown EWT had been slightly worse than the previous year though in general terms was still achieving some of the best ever results. Before lockdown inner London had improved compared with last year whilst outer London recorded a deterioration but the Q1 improvement was similar across all areas of London. Punctuality of low frequency services also saw a significant improvement due to the Covid19 impacts whilst night buses departing on time also improved.
International Bus Benchmarking Group
London is a member of the International Bus Benchmarking Group (IBBG), an international knowledge sharing network of bus companies. It was established in 2004 and is facilitated by Imperial College London.
Benchmarking is a continuous systematic process for evaluating the products, services, processes or organisations that are recognised as representing best practice for the purpose of organisational improvement. A blend of operational and customer metrics are used to track the performance of the bus network.
Every year, a review of buses performance monitoring is evaluated internally and presented to TfL's Independent Investment Programme Advisory Group (IIPAG) by Imperial College London to justify expenditure and ensure quality of service provided to passengers.