The Mayor of London and Transport for London (TfL) have unveiled an ambitious plan to work with boroughs, businesses and the freight and servicing industry to transform how deliveries are made in the capital, reducing road danger and helping to clean up London's toxic air.
A key part of the plan includes offering more click and collect points at Tube stations, with TfL launching a tender to bid for space in their stations and open more parcel lockers across the transport network. TfL will make land available for micro-distribution centres in key locations to support sustainable last mile deliveries in neighbourhoods across the capital, including by bike. TfL will also work with businesses to encourage them to offer 'green' delivery slots, which enable shoppers to choose a delivery window when drivers are already in their area.
Lorries and vans are vital for London's economy. Half of the value of household expenditure, around £79 billion per year, relies on road freight. However, the movements of goods vehicles in the capital have increased by around 20 per cent since 2010, contributing to poor air quality, congestion and road danger.
Lorries and vans currently account for around one fifth of road traffic in London and about one third in central London during the morning peak, when more people use public transport, walk and cycle. TfL research shows that heavy goods vehicles are involved in 63 per cent of fatal collisions with cyclists, and 25 per cent of fatal collisions with pedestrians, despite only making up four per cent of the overall miles driven in the capital. Lorries and vans also account for around a third of all nitrogen oxide emissions in the capital, having a damaging impact on the health of Londoners.
As London grows, the volume of lorry and van trips will continue to grow unless action is taken.
The Mayor's Freight and Servicing Action, unveiled today, outlines a bold programme to help address these challenges. It sets out how the industry can continue to meet the freight and servicing needs of London's growing population and economy, while reducing the number of lorries and vans entering central London during the morning peak by 10 per cent by 2026.
Encouraging Londoners to choose more sustainable delivery options is key as sales online have doubled since 2012. Between 200,000 and 400,000 personal deliveries are made to offices in central London every day, with every parcel having an impact on air quality and congestion.
Key actions in the plan include:
Sadiq Khan, Mayor of London, said: `Freight is essential for London's economy but for our future health and prosperity we need to be smarter about how we manage the millions of van and lorry journeys each week. By creating a pan-London network of micro-distribution centres and rolling out innovative click and collect points at more Tube stations, we will enable more commuters to collect packages near their home - helping reduce congestion across our city. Together with the introduction of our world-leading Direct Vision Standard and supporting businesses to switch to electric vans and cargo bikes, we will make freight more efficient while also reducing road danger and cleaning up London's toxic air.`
Alex Williams, TfL's Director of City Planning, said: `Freight and servicing are the lifeblood of London's economy and without the industry, London would seize up. As London continues to grow, we all need to think about how we can keep freight moving whilst tackling toxic air and congestion and reducing danger to vulnerable road users. Whether through using click and collect points for online shopping, or shifting vehicle fleets to greener alternatives, we all have a part to play in making London a healthy and attractive place to live and work. We will continue to work closely with our partners and people across the capital to make our vision for cleaner and safer freight a reality.'
Natalie Chapman, FTA's Head of South of England and Urban Policy, said: `The freight industry delivers for London's businesses, residents, workers and visitors to ensure they have everything they need, when they need it. But as London's population continues to grow, the demands placed upon the freight industry grow in tandem; FTA hopes that the measures outlined in the Freight Action Plan will enable and support the industry to be as efficient as possible. And with residents of London encouraged to become less reliant on private cars, we can help to take those vehicles off the road, replacing them with fewer vehicles and better consolidated deliveries.
`Many of the actions within the plan will be delivered at a borough level, so we need to see strong leadership and guidance to ensure they are implemented holistically and consistently. Without this, London's 33 boroughs may end up introducing schemes in slightly different ways, which would make the regulatory environment even more complex than it currently is for the logistics industry, a sector which underpins the capital's entire economy.'
Victoria Lebrec, lorry crash victim and RoadPeace Campaign Coordinator, said: `Being smart about the way freight travels through London is important as reducing the number of journeys will likely lead to fewer collisions. The impact of serious injuries and fatalities on victims and their loved ones is devastating. RoadPeace supports crash victims, but ultimately reducing road danger is the only way to tackle the problem. We welcome the Mayor's plan and hope to see positive effects in conjunction with safer vehicles and safer roads.'
Delivery company DPD has recently opened a pioneering all-electric depot in central London on TfL land. The depot is completely zero emission for both incoming parcels, served by two 7.5t fully-electric lorries, and for last-mile deliveries, carried out by a fleet of 10 electric vans and eight micro-vehicles. DPD has invested £500,000 in the site, including extensive charging infrastructure, and the depot serves a two-square mile delivery radius in the heart of Westminster.
Justin Pegg, DPD's Chief Operating Officer, said: `DPD's entire central London van fleet already meets the ULEZ standard, but we are looking to go further and create an all-electric fleet and a new network of micro depots across the capital. Micro depots mean shorter journeys, fewer vans on the road and zero emissions.
"While we already have two all-electric micro depots open and a third site agreed, there are still challenges to be overcome in terms of electrical infrastructure upgrades, site availability and the supply of electric vehicles on the scale we need for an all-electric fleet across the whole of central London. But by working in partnership with TfL, landlords and the other major stakeholders, we are well on the way to making deliveries more sustainable and safer.'
The plan also outlines how the most unsafe HGVs will be removed from London's roads as part of the Mayor's Vision Zero approach to reduce road danger. TfL's Direct Vision Standard for Heavy Goods Vehicles will tackle road danger at its source by eliminating blind spots that are the cause of so many tragic deaths and life-changing injuries.
This will be the first initiative of its kind in the world to categorise HGVs depending on the level of a driver's direct vision from a cab. This scheme is due to be introduced in 2020 to improve vehicle safety and increase visibility of vulnerable road users. HGVs will be given a rating between 'zero-star' (lowest) and 'five-star' (highest), with only those vehicles rated 'three-star' and above, or which have comprehensive safety systems, able to operate in London from 2024.
TfL recently awarded six business groups a share of £230,000 funding for innovative projects that make freight and deliveries more efficient. The funding from TfL's Healthy Streets Fund for Business was matched by the business groups themselves and will be invested in schemes ranging from an electric freight consolidation centre at Borough Market, to underground waste storage containers in Vauxhall and the promotion of cycle freight in the London Bridge area. TfL is currently accepting applications from BIDs and Business Partnerships for another round of funding from the scheme, with applications closing on 19 March 2019.
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