World’s largest bus retrofit programme completed
- Over 1,000 buses on more than 50 routes now fitted with equipment to remove around 90 per cent of nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions
- NOx emissions from buses on Oxford Street down by a third in two years as a result of retrofit, hybrid and Euro 6 buses
- Dramatic reductions in nitrogen dioxide levels already recorded on Putney High Street, finds independent report
The Mayor and Transport for London (TfL) have successfully completed the world's largest retrofit programme of over 1,000 older buses, part of a comprehensive programme of measures to deliver significant reductions in harmful NOx emissions and improve air quality for Londoners and visitors to the capital.
Innovative pollution reducing equipment has now been installed on the exhaust systems of 1,015 buses operating on more than 50 routes across London, and the Mayor and TfL are now exploring plans to expand the programme with the Department for Transport (DfT).
Priority was given to bus routes passing through areas with high nitrogen dioxide concentrations including those serving Elephant and Castle, Marylebone Road, Fulham Broadway, Oxford Street and Putney High Street. The £10m retrofit programme funded by TfL and the DfT has already delivered air quality benefits to 102 of the 187 nitrogen dioxide focus areas identified by the Mayor in the capital.
The retrofit process involves fitting a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system to the exhaust of each bus. The equipment was successfully trialled in 2012, demonstrating NOx emission reductions of up to 88 per cent. A recent report commissioned by Wandsworth Council and published by King's College London shows that the programme is already having an impact; since the new technology was fitted there has been a major reduction in the number of times nitrogen dioxide levels exceeded the EU hourly target on Putney High Street.
Combined with the roll out of new hybrid buses (including the New Routemaster) and the early introduction of new Euro 6 buses, the retrofit programme has led to significant improvements in emissions throughout London. In the last two years, NOx emissions from buses along Oxford Street have fallen by 33 per cent.
Matthew Pencharz, the Mayor's Senior Advisor for Environment and Energy, said: "Part of the most ambitious and comprehensive programme of measures being driven by the Mayor to reduce emissions and improve London's air quality, this ground-breaking retrofit programme is making a big impact across the city. Greening the capital's bus fleet is one of the Mayor's top priorities. As well as completing the retrofit of over 1,000 older buses with this pollution busting equipment, we continue to expand the city's fleet of hybrid buses - which includes the roll out of the New Routemasters - and are also trialling the use of electricity, hydrogen and bio-diesel to power the capital's fleet. From green walls and promoting cycling, to reducing freight activity and retiring the oldest and most polluting buses and taxis, the Mayor's programmes are reducing the emission of major pollutants in London. As London gears up for the world's first Ultra Low Emission Zone from 2020 this positive trend is set to continue."
Mike Weston, TfL's Director of Buses, said: "Fitting this innovative equipment to the older buses in our fleet is making a significant contribution to improving London's air quality and complements the other measures we are taking to improve the environmental performance of our 8,700-strong bus fleet. Retro-fitting buses with SCR equipment is the quickest and most cost-effective way to cut NOx emissions from the exhaust systems of older buses and the recent results from Putney High Street show it's having a significant impact."
The Mayor has made it a top priority to reduce the environmental impact of London's bus fleet. The capital already has the largest hybrid bus fleet in Europe with over 850 hybrid buses currently in service. In 2016 there will be 1,700 hybrid buses on London's roads - of which 600 will be New Routemasters - representing 20 per cent of the bus fleet.
All buses already achieve Euro IV standard for particulate matter (PM) and, as a result, emissions of particulate matter from the fleet have dropped from over 200 tonnes in 1997 to 20 tonnes in 2014. The remaining Euro 3 buses will be fitted with SCR equipment or replaced with new cleaner Euro VI vehicles, which means that all of TfL's bus fleet will be Euro IV standard or better for NOx emissions by the end of 2015. This will reduce emissions by at least 800 tonnes each year. The New Routemaster is already the greenest bus of its class in the world and is set to get even greener with the introduction of the very latest Euro VI engines.
Four New Routemasters with a Euro VI engine are currently being tested in passenger service with the wider introduction starting later this year.
- A report commissioned by Wandsworth Council and published earlier this month by Kings College London shows that a council monitoring station located close to the kerb on Putney High Street recorded 42 per cent fewer pollution episodes in the second half of last year compared to the second half of 2012, 2011 and 2010. At the side of the pavement furthest from the traffic the fall was 72 per cent. The report confirms the reduction coincided with new technology being fitted to the exhaust systems of the bus fleet and ruled out other factors like weather conditions. Pollution monitoring devices in other parts of London did not experience the same drop
- NOx is primarily made up of two pollutants, nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)
- The SCR process involves the injection of urea into the exhaust pipe. The urea decomposes and hydrolyses to ammonia (NH3) which reacts with NOx and reduces it to harmless nitrogen and water
- The Mayor has identified 187 NO2 Focus Areas. For a full list and more details please visit: http://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/Cleaner%20Air%20for%20London%20-%20AQ%20Focus%20Area%20methodology.pdf
- The Mayor has a comprehensive programme of measures to improve air quality in London, including tighter Low Emission Zone standards, taxi age limits for the oldest, most polluting taxis, record investment in cycling to promote less polluting forms of travel, introducing new measures to reduce emissions and clean up construction sites, and retrofitting over 90,000 homes and public buildings with energy efficiency measures to reduce their emissions. In addition, from 2018 TfL will require all new taxis to be zero emission capable which will mean significant reductions in emissions from taxis, and the Mayor plans to introduce an Ultra Low Emission Zone in central London from 2020