The study shows that between 1999 and 2003:
Assuming continued government grant for the capital, public transport's share of trips could grow from 36 to 39 per cent of all trips by 2016.
TfL's Director of Planning and Policy Barry Broe said:
"The trend for increasing public transport use, despite growing car ownership, sets London apart from other UK and European cities. Affordable and simple fares, service improvements and the impact of congestion charging have combined to attract Londoners back to the bus and this looks set to continue.
"However, without increased funding from central Government, these gains are unlikely to continue. London's population is also set to grow by 800,000 by 2016, placing greater demands on public transport in London."
A European Community study on transport use in European cities found that only 6 out of 17 cities had any growth in public transport use between 1991 and 2000, including a 0.3 per cent decline in Paris. The study showed that in 2000 public transport use was 28 per cent in Berlin; 19 per cent in Paris; 31 per cent in Madrid; 46 per cent in Prague; 14 per cent in Brussels and 31 per cent in Barcelona.
Trends for 2004 suggest that further significant growth in bus use is likely despite the new fares introduced in January 2004. Modest growth is expected in Tube and train travel. Car travel volumes are likely to continue to decline, even in outer London.