Supporting evidence

We relied on evidence from several sources when developing proposals to create the ULEZ.

Air pollution is one of the most significant challenges facing London, affecting the health of all Londoners. Every child in London breathes toxic air daily, damaging their lung growth. Road transport is the biggest source of the emissions damaging health in London.

Around half of emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), which contribute to illegal levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and particulate matter (PM) come from transport. These pollutants make chronic illnesses worse, shorten life expectancy and can damage lung development.

The communities suffering most from poor air quality are often the most vulnerable, including the children of London. At least 360 primary schools are in areas exceeding safe legal pollution levels.

To help improve the air we breathe we're introducing measures to promote more walking, cycling, use of public transport and to encourage sustainable freight deliveries.

Evidence for this view comes from:

Number of children in London breathing in toxic air daily
Reference: London Datastore, Greater London Authority
GLA Population Projections - Custom Age Tables
PM2.5 map and exposure data

Road transport as biggest source of health-damaging emissions
Reference: London Datastore, Greater London Authority
London Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (LAEI) 2013

Lung growth in children
Reference: Royal College of Physicians, 2017
Every breath we take: the lifelong impact of air pollution

Improving the air we breathe
Reference: ULEZ consultation, TfL
ULEZ consultation page

ULEZ Consultation - October 2014

  • Instrument of Confirmation
  • Mayoral Decision Form
  • Report to Mayor - March 2015
  • Report to the Mayor Appendices
  • Supplementary Information
  • Integrated Impact Assessment (IIA) Summary Report
  • IIA Health Impact Assessment
  • IIA Environmental Impact Assessment
  • IIA Equalities Impact Assessment
  • IIA Economics Impact Assessment

Visit the ULEZ consultation - October 2014 page

ULEZ consultation on taxis and PHVs - July 2015

  • Memo to MD Surface
  • Report to Mayor October 2015
  • Supplementary Information
  • IIA Health Impact Assessment
  • IIA Appendix

Visit the ULEZ taxi and private hire consultation page