Driving & cycling safety

Advice for drivers

Remember to:

  • Leave room for cyclists at traffic lights. Drivers shouldn't enter the advanced stop line box when the light is red. This space is reserved for the safety of cyclists and you maybe liable for a £100 fixed penalty and three points on your licence
  • Give cyclists room. Keep a safe distance from cyclists and don't attempt to overtake when there is not enough space. Give as much space as you might for another car. Cyclists might use the middle of the lane if they feel it's too narrow for cars to overtake, so hang back if you can't pass safely.
  • Look when you leave the car or lorry. Make sure you check to see if there is anything coming before opening your car door or before turning left or right - they might be filtering through slow moving or stationary traffic
  • Be careful at junctions. Be aware of cyclists when approaching junctions. Some junctions have advanced stop lines to allow cycles to be safely positioned ahead of other traffic. Keep this space free for cyclists. Motorists could be fined £100 and receive three points on their licence for crossing the advanced stop line on a red light.

Types of cycle lane

Mandatory Cycle Lanes are marked with a continuous white line. Drivers must not drive, wait or park in the lane during its hours of operation.

Advisory Cycle Lanes are marked with a broken white line. Drivers should not enter the lane unless it is unavoidable.

Contra-Flow Cycle Lanes let cyclists travel against the flow of traffic on one-way streets. They are mandatory cycle lanes (see above).

Shared Bus and Cycle Lanes allow cyclists to use the bus lane. Motorists must not enter the lane unless indicated on signs.

Cycling safety tips

  • Stop at red lights. Don't ride through red traffic lights. You may be fined £50 
  • Stay central on narrow roads. Try to ride away from the gutter. If the road is too narrow for vehicles to pass you safely, it might be safer to ride towards the middle of the lane to prevent dangerous overtaking by other vehicles
  • Stay away from parked cars. Ideally, keep a door's width away in case the door opens suddenly. Also, try to ride in a straight line past parked cars rather than dodging between them
  • Stay back from HGVs. Lorries and other large vehicles might not be able to see you clearly, so stay well back behind them
  • Always pay attention. Stay focused on what's going on around you so you can see what other road users might do
  • Make eye contact. Try to make eye contact with drivers so you're sure that they have seen you
  • Don't pavement cycle. Don't cycle on the pavement or up a one-way street (unless clearly marked for cyclists)
  • Wear bright clothes. Stay safe by wearing bright clothes during the day and reflective clothing/accessories at night
  • Night lights. Use lights after dark - white at the front and red at the rear. You may be fined £50 if you don't have them
  • Signal. Use appropriate hand signals to indicate that you're turning left or right
  • No phones or devices. Don't use a mobile phone or earphones
  • Helmet. Consider wearing a helmet
  • Cycle training. There is free, or subsidised cycle training, including commuter skills, for adults and children in most London boroughs

Types of cycle lane 

Mandatory Cycle Lanes are marked with a continuous white line. Drivers must not drive, wait or park in the lane during its hours of operation.

Advisory Cycle Lanes are marked with a broken white line. Drivers should not enter the lane unless it is unavoidable.

Contra-Flow Cycle Lanes let cyclists travel against the flow of traffic on one-way streets - they are mandatory cycle lanes (see above).

Shared Bus and Cycle Lanes allow cyclists to use the bus lane. Motorists must not enter the lane unless indicated on signs.

Pedicab safety

Pedicabs, or cycle rickshaws, are not regulated by us and can cause disruption to other road users.

Pedicabs may be a common sight in London's West End, but their riders do not need to be licensed, have insurance or be checked by the Criminal Records Bureau.

If taking a pedicab, the London Pedicab Operators Association recommend that you agree a fare before setting off.

They also encourage that you check the rider and pedicab have identification.

Close Favourites

My Lines

My Buses

My Roads

My River Buses

My Emirates Air Line

My Journeys

My Places

    Close edit Favourites

    Favourite lines

    Favourite buses

    Favourite roads

    Favourite river buses

    Favourite Emirates Air Line

    Favourite journeys

    Favourite places