It doesn't matter whether your vehicle is used for commercial or private purposes - it still needs to meet the standards.
In addition to the existing LEZ emissions standards, tighter emissions standards being phased in will affect different vehicle types and different geographical areas within London.
As of 8 April 2019, if you are driving any petrol or diesel vehicle within the Congestion Charge area in central London you will need to meet Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) standards, which are tighter than the London-wide LEZ standards already operating.
From 26 October 2020 changes to LEZ standards, daily charges and penalties will apply to lorries, buses, coaches and other specialist vehicles over 3.5 tonnes.
The age and weight of a vehicle indicate the level of emissions it produces.
The table below shows those vehicle types that won't meet the LEZ emissions standards from 3 January 2012. If you own any of the vehicles listed, you will need to take action before driving within the LEZ, or pay a daily charge.
|Vehicle types that don't meet the LEZ emissions standards (when registered as new before 1 January 2002)|
4x4 light utility vehicles
Other specialist vehicles
|Between 1.205 tonnes unladen and 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight|
|2.5 - 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight|
|Minibuses (with 8+ passenger seats)||5 tonnes or less gross vehicle weight|
Some vehicles registered before 1 January 2002 will also meet the Euro 3 standard as some manufacturers started producing vehicles with engines which met the Euro 3 standard before this date. These vehicles are known as 'early adopters'.
These are included because they emit the same levels of pollutants as commercial vehicles. Specifically, motor caravans and ambulances are included because they have similar emissions to vans and minibuses.
Motor caravans are defined as vehicles with living accommodation, comprised of the following as a minimum:
To be classified as a motor caravan this equipment must be rigidly fixed to the living compartment. If you have converted your vehicle to operate as a motor caravan, you will need to ensure that it is correctly classified as such by the DVLA or DVA.
Some examples of vehicles that might be used for private purposes but are still subject to the LEZ include:
If your vehicle doesn't appear in the list above, you can use the weight limit and age (date first registered) as a guide to whether you need to take action, or use our tools to check if your vehicle is affected.
There are many types of light 4x4 utility vehicle. It is their classification (decided by the manufacturer and the European Union) that determines whether they're affected by the LEZ or not.
Light 4x4 utility vehicles classed as cars are not affected by the LEZ. Those classed as commercial vehicles are subject to the LEZ.
Any vehicle designed to carry goods, or more than nine passengers, is classed as a commercial vehicle, even if it's only used for recreational purposes.
If your light utility vehicle is subject to the LEZ, then you can find out about your options.
If you have any queries, please contact us on 0343 222 1111 (TfL call charges).
We have worked with Land Rover to establish which vehicles with the body type of 'Light 4x4 Utility Vehicle' are subject to the LEZ. Vehicles manufactured before 1973 are considered to be 'historic' vehicles and are exempt from the LEZ.
The vehicles listed below are subject to the LEZ standards:
The following vehicles are not subject to LEZ as they are classed as 'estates':
A small number of Defenders 90s and 110s may be a 'station wagon' but may not be classified as such by the DVLA. This means vehicles with side and rear windows manufactured with fixed seating throughout the vehicle including the area accessed via the back door and there are nine seats or less including the driver's seat. Please note that vehicles without fixed seating throughout will not be treated as an estate and will be subject to LEZ. Fixed seating means individual seats with seat belts. It does not include benches or homemade seating variants.
If your vehicle meets this criterion it will not be subject to the LEZ. In these circumstances if you intend to use the vehicle in the LEZ you need to:
Certain vehicles meet the Euro 3 standard because they are early adopters:
We've updated our database to reflect these vehicles' emissions standards.
If you have a Land Rover which is not listed above, please contact us to find out if your vehicle is subject to LEZ.
The LEZ emissions standards are based on Euro standards for the emission of particulate matter (PM). PM is very fine particles of soot emitted by vehicles, which have an effect on health. This type of pollution can contribute to asthma, heart and lung disease, other respiratory illnesses and even early death.
Your vehicle needs to meet the Euro 3 standard for particulate matter.
In addition to the existing LEZ emissions standards, tighter emissions standards being introduced in phases will affect different vehicle types and different geographical areas within London.
Any petrol or diesel vehicle driven within the Congestion Charge area in central London will also need to meet Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) standards. See if your UK-registered vehicle is affected with the ULEZ vehicle checker.
For non-UK registered vehicles, see the table of changes to LEZ and ULEZ standards. This page includes information on changes to LEZ standards, daily charges and penalties from 26 October 2020.
The quickest way to check if your vehicle meets the current or new standards is to enter your registration plate into our vehicle checker.
Alternatively, you can use the vehicle type tool.
If your vehicle was registered any time before 1 January 2002, it won't meet the Euro 3 emissions standards without modification, so you'll need to take action if you want to drive within the LEZ without paying a daily charge.
If your vehicle was registered on or after 1 January 2002, it will meet the Euro 3 emissions standards and you can drive within the LEZ without taking any action.