Current LEZ emissions standards set a limit for how much particulate matter (PM) a vehicle may emit. The tougher standards will also set a limit for nitrogen oxides (NOx) for some vehicles.

You can now check if your vehicle will be affected by these standards and what you will need to pay.

Current LEZ emissions standards set a limit for how much particulate matter (PM) a vehicle may emit. The tougher standards will also set a limit for nitrogen oxides (NOx) for some vehicles.

Enforcement and new charges postponed until February 2021

Tougher LEZ emissions standards for heavier vehicles are coming on 26 October 2020, but no new charges will be introduced until the end of February 2021.

This is to give the freight industry more time to meet the new standards as it faces intense demands from the coronavirus pandemic.

HGVs, lorries, vans, buses/minibuses and coaches

  • Lorry, van or specialist heavy vehicle over 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight
  • Bus/minibus or coach over 5 tonnes

Current standard: Euro IV - particlulate matter (PM)

New standard: Euro VI - nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). This is the same as the ULEZ standard - these vehicles will no longer need to pay a separate ULEZ charge

Vans, minibuses and specialist diesel vehicles

  • Van or specialist diesel vehicle from 1.205 tonnes unladen weight up to 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight
  • Minibus up to 5 tonnes gross vehicle weight

Current standard: Euro 3 (PM)

New standard: No change - continue to pay the daily LEZ charge if your vehicle does not meet Euro 3 for PM

You can still check if your vehicle meets the current standards.

Daily charges under the tougher standards

We would prefer that your vehicle meets the tougher LEZ emissions standards, so you don't need to pay the daily LEZ charge.

If you drive a HGV, lorry, van or other specialist heavy vehicle over 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight or a bus/minibus or coach over 5 tonnes gross vehicle weight within the LEZ and it does not meet:

  • Euro VI (NOx and PM) - you will need to pay a daily charge of £100
  • Euro IV (PM) - you will need to pay a daily charge of £300

Penalty charges

Penalty charges for vehicles affected by tougher LEZ emissions standards will also change when enforcement begins. See the changes to the penalty charges.

About the tougher standards

Your vehicle registration document (V5C) will help identify your vehicle's Euro emission standard.

The LEZ is enforced based on declared emissions of the vehicle rather than age, but:

  • Euro VI (NOx and PM) engines are generally those first registered with the DVLA after 1 January 2014
  • Euro IV (PM) engines are generally those first registered with the DVLA as new after 1 October 2006
  • Euro 3 (PM) engines in vans or specialist diesel vehicles (over 1.205 tonnes unladen weight up to 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight) and minibuses (up to 5 tonnes gross vehicle weight) will generally meet this standard if registered with the DVLA as new on or after 1 January 2002
  • All vehicles which meet the ULEZ standards will already meet the tougher LEZ standards

Vehicle types affected by the tougher LEZ standards

More than 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight:

  • Lorries (see also HGV Safety Permit)
  • Vans
  • Motor caravans
  • Motorised horseboxes
  • Breakdown and recovery vehicles
  • Snow ploughs
  • Gritters
  • Refuse collection vehicles
  • Road sweepers
  • Concrete mixers
  • Fire engines
  • Tippers
  • Removal lorries
  • Other specialist heavy vehicles

More than 5 tonnes gross vehicle weight:

  • Buses/minibuses (with 8+ passenger seats)
  • Coaches (with 8+ passenger seats)

Vehicle types that need to meet the current LEZ standards only

The tougher LEZ standards will not apply to the following vehicles.

Over 1.205 tonnes unladen weight up to and including 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight:

  • Vans
  • Motorised horseboxes
  • 4x4 light utility vehicles
  • Pick-ups
  • Dual purpose vehicles
  • Breakdown and recovery vehicles
  • Motor caravans (over 2.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight)
  • Ambulances (over 2.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight)
  • Motorised hearses (over 2.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight)
  • Other specialist diesel vehicles

Up to and including 5 tonnes gross vehicle weight:

  • Minibuses (with 8+ passenger seats)

Direct Vision Standard and HGV Safety Permit from 26 October 2020

From 26 October 2020, if you drive an HGV over 12 tonnes in Greater London at any time you will need an HGV Safety Permit to show that your vehicle meets the new Direct Vision Standard (DVS). Vehicles without a permit will be subject to a penalty charge notice. Applying for a permit is free.

However, there will be no enforcement of the DVS and HGV safety permit until the end of February 2021. This is to give the freight industry more time to meet the new standards as they face intense demands from the coronavirus pandemic.

Once enforcement starts, vehicles without a permit may receive a penalty charge notice (PCN).

Find out more about the DVS for HGVs.