In line with London Plan policies 6.3 and 6.14, TfL is concerned with assessing the most appropriate methods of freight movement in London and ensuring a distribution network which minimises congestion, ensures the safe passage of goods and mitigates its environmental impact. Development proposals should aim to reduce levels of road freight, particularly during peak periods and make use of sustainable modes where possible - rail and water for larger consignments and cycling and walking for local activity.
Proposals need to consider the effects of activities on the wider road environment, including ensuring pedestrian and cyclist safety is maintained throughout construction and operational periods.
In accordance with the London Plan, all referable planning applications should be accompanied by a Construction Logistics Plan (CLP) and Delivery and Servicing Plan (DSP) as these can help to ease congestion and/or encourage modal shift.
A DSP provides a framework for ensuing servicing freight activity is as effective and efficient as possible.
DSPs consist of a range of tools, actions and interventions aimed at reducing and re-timing deliveries, redefining building operations and ensuring procurement activities account for vehicle movement and emissions. DSPs should now be separate from the travel plan.
Key matters that should be highlighted through the DSP include: the expected number and types (length, width and height) of vehicles, time of day and week of operation, delivery provision in terms of safe and legal loading bays or drop-off areas, how the impact on the transport network and highway - including bus routes, cycle lanes and conflict with pedestrians - will be managed, and any potential detrimental noise or air quality issues and subsequent remedial action. Preferably deliveries will be made off the main highway. Where deliveries are to be made from the road network, it should be demonstrated that any deliveries will be made from a legal loading location which does not disrupt the road network.
The impacts of delivery and servicing of the development during construction and operation needs to be assessed at the earliest possible stage and methods of mitigation need to be demonstrated. TfL recommends that servicing provision is considered at the outset of proposals being formulated, with references made within the planning submission. For larger schemes TfL may request a Framework DSP at the application stage - advice will be given in these scenarios.
The construction phase of any development will have impacts on the transport network. The construction impacts of developments can vary in significance, but for those large developments that may take many months or years to construct, the construction phase can be as significant as the operational phase.
As above, to promote the sustainable movement of construction materials alongside the sustainable movement of people, TfL has developed Construction Logistics Plans (CLP). Read guidance on the development of CLPs and for planners on how to assess these documents.
The principle is that the CLP provides a framework for proving the TA has fully considered the freight implications of the construction phase of the development. Scope for the use of more sustainable modes for the transportation of construction materials (eg by rail or water) should be considered from the outset of the TA and incorporated in the CLP where feasible.
The CLP will provide the framework for understanding and managing construction vehicle activity into and out of proposed developments. A full assessment of the construction phase should be included, detailing the levels of construction traffic generated along with the routes the traffic will use and any significant traffic management that may operate in order to construct the development. Particular attention should be paid to the need to identify routes for construction vehicles that avoid sensitive routes.
It is imperative that road safety measures are considered at the application stage and preventive measures delivered through the construction and operational phases of the development. TfL strongly encourages the use of contractors who are accredited through the FORS system and meet the vehicle and driver standards set out in Annex A of the CLP guidance for developers. In addition details of any known conflict points identified on the preferred routes, safe loading and unloading facilities, traffic and pedestrian management equipment and cycle-specific safety equipment should be provided through a CLP and DSP. When developing the CLP and DSP, the applicant should have regard to guidance around mitigating work related road risk through each project. Read more details.
A draft CLP is recommended at the application stage, considering access routes and whether changes to the highway will be necessary to facilitate construction. This should be discussed with TfL at the earliest possible stage and refined through the application process. Normally a full CLP is expected to be secured by condition and discharged in consultation with TfL on major schemes or where the development is on the TLRN (see document below) or SRN.