EV charging infrastructure must be provided in accordance with the minimum standards summarised below. The policy requires you to provide active spaces and passive provision. Active spaces are fully wired and connected, ready to use, points at parking spaces. Passive provision requires the necessary underlying infrastructure (eg capacity in the connection to the local electricity distribution network and electricity distribution board, as well as cabling to parking spaces) to enable simple installation and activation of a charge point at a future date.
These standards apply to all spaces within a development and the delivery of charging points should not exclude parking spaces for Blue Badge holders. Monitoring of the uptake of EV charging points should take place through the travel plan or car parking management plan. Where a level of usage of spaces is achieved (see activation of passive spaces), passive provision should be activated. This level will be determined on a site-by-site basis.
An EVCP guidance note for developers is available as Annex 6 of the Land for Industry and Transport SPG. This specifies the EV infrastructure needed and the charge points and connector types that are available. Developers should follow this guidance when developing their systems.
Where a development includes the delivery of parking spaces which are on-street (eg estate renewal schemes), EV charge points should be delivered to the same standard as those set out in the developer guidance. In this case, a developer contribution through a section 106 agreement towards the delivery of spaces on street may be necessary, as it is likely that a bay would require a Traffic Regulation Order.
For publically accessible charge points it may be beneficial for the development to partner with the Source London network. Source London provides a network of publicly available charge points across the capital, which members can access using a smart card.
For private developments the onus for the activation of passive charging points rests on the individual or company who manages or operates the car park.
For those developments with a travel plan, the level of use of the active charging points should form part of the monitoring. An action should be to activate the passive charge points once the demand exceeds the supply of active infrastructure. Where the development does not have a travel plan, this should form part of a separate site management strategy.