All developments in areas of good public transport accessibility should aim for significantly less than one space per unit and justification for any onsite parking will need to be made in the TA. TfL strongly encourages car-free or car lite developments in these locations, with the exception of car parking for blue-badge holders. Car-free or low-car developments can be complemented by provision of car club vehicles:
Elsewhere, car parking within the maximum London Plan standards must also have regard to site-specific factors alongside London Plan objectives to promote sustainable travel, reduce congestion and improve air quality.
Emphasis on more sustainable modes of transport and the need to reduce reliance on the private car are key considerations for TfL. How the development will achieve these aims needs to be fully set out in the TA.
It is essential that the TA demonstrates that vehicle trips associated with any proposed car parking can be accommodated on the highway network.
Where a mixed-use development is proposed, TfL encourages a restrained approach to parking and options for sharing parking spaces between uses should be considered. The level of car parking proposed across all uses will need to be reviewed within the TA.
Where there is an existing car park (as part of a retail or employment site), an assessment should be carried out on the utilisation of the car park to inform the TA and justify any proposed car parking.
TfL encourages a restrained approach to on-street car parking close to proposed developments. For schemes referred to TfL, the TA may be required to demonstrate that any potential overspill parking from developments will not unduly affect the operation of the Transport for London Road Network (TLRN), Strategic Road Network (SRN), Congestion Charging zone or tram/bus operations.
Adverse highway impacts due to on-street parking can be avoided by measures such as: excluding occupiers from eligibility for on-street parking permits in existing or future controlled parking zones, other parking restrictions within the vicinity of the site, and/or encouraging the provision of car clubs as a means of reducing the need for car ownership/use. These measures could be used in conjunction with car parking management plans.
Adequate parking spaces for blue badge holders must be provided, preferably onsite. London Plan policy 8.3 requires 10 per cent of new housing to be designed to be wheelchair accessible, or easily adaptable for residents who are wheelchair users. Furthermore, the Housing SPG (November 2012) states that each wheelchair accessible dwelling should have an associated accessible parking space. The TA should demonstrate how this demand is satisfied within development schemes, particularly relating to where car lite developments are proposed. Measures in these circumstances should be adopted to ensure accessible parking is actively available or can be made available linked to demand.
For non-residential uses, parking for Blue Badge holders must be provided, in accordance with London Plan Table 6.2.