Mayor of London

Managing risks (WRRR)

WRRR clauses

WRRR clauses in contracts require suppliers operating freight vehicles to demonstrate that their:

  • Operations meet best practice standards such as Bronze Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme (FORS) minimum and collision reporting
  • Vehicles have close proximity warning systems, Class VI mirrors and rear warning signs fitted
  • Drivers are all trained in approved safe urban driving practices
  • Drivers' licences are all checked regularly with the DVLA

We have implemented an organisation-wide initiative to ensure that all businesses working for or on behalf of TfL take measures to improve the safety of their vehicles. It's now mandatory, under all new and existing contracts, for contractors and their sub-contractors who deliver to TfL premises or sites to adopt these WRRR cycle safety requirements.

Failure to meet these requirements could mean vehicles are turned away from sites. It could be considered a breach of contract, resulting in the contract being terminated.

Other organisations - from small developers to large-scale projects such as Crossrail - have also introduced, or plan to introduce, some or all of these contractual requirements. Check with the appropriate organisation for their exact requirements.

Guidance on how to improve safety is available on the FORS website.

WRRR standards

A disproportionate number of cyclist fatalities in London between 2008 and 2012 involved construction-related vehicles over 3.5 tonnes.

We commissioned an independent review of transport activities in the construction logistics sector to understand the causes of collisions with all vulnerable road users, including cyclists, pedestrians and motorcyclists, and how they may be prevented.

That 2013 report prepared by the Transport Research Library (TRL) highlights issues with the way WRRR is managed across the industry. See the Construction Logistics and Cyclist Safety report on the TRL website.

Construction logistics industry standard

Construction logistics representatives responded by identifying actions the industry could take to reduce the risk of collision between large goods vehicles and vulnerable road users. One of these actions was to develop and publish a nationally recognised standard for WRRR.

Developers, construction logistics operators and industry associations collaborated to pull elements from individual standards, policies and codes of practice into one WRRR standard that can be implemented by developers and followed in a consistent way by the construction industry.

WRRR Toolkit

Our toolkit provides a step-by-step guide for those responsible for procuring goods or services involving commercial vehicles. It provides the necessary tools to ensure that suppliers meet their Work Related Road Risk (WRRR) contractual requirements.