Full details of our environmental objectives are set out in our latest Health, Safety and Environment Report.
Every year, around 9,400 deaths in London are attributed to illnesses related to air quality. The latest research available shows that more than 440 schools in the capital are in areas that exceed safe legal pollution levels.
Throughout 2017, as he did in 2016, the Mayor will ask for Londoners for their views as part of his Clean Air Action Plan. Key proposals include:
To support the ULEZ, all double-decker buses operating in the Congestion Charging zone will be hybrid electric vehicles and all single-decker buses in the zone will emit nothing from their engine exhaust (they will be full electric or hydrogen models).
The Mayor has asked us to introduce further improvements to reduce emissions from buses. This includes:
Our Ultra Low Emission Vehicle Delivery Plan, launched in July 2015, sets out our vision for ULEVs to be the preferred option in London for public transport, fleets and private vehicle owners.
The action plan included addresses issues and challenges currently limiting ULEV uptake in London. We will continue to build our relationships with our partners and stakeholders to make London the ULEV capital of Europe.
Our Transport Emissions Roadmap published in 2014 looks at how to reduce emissions from transport in London. It reports on what we have already done and what we may do in the future. It provides a range of possible new measures that the Mayor, TfL, the London boroughs, the Government, EU and other parties should consider to help meet the challenge of reducing air pollutants and CO2 emissions in London.
Predictions suggest London's transport systems will need to operate through warmer, wetter winters and hotter, drier summers, with increased incidences of storms and flooding.
Tackling climate change and enhancing the environment is very important to us, and we have a responsibility to operate a low-carbon network that is also resilient to any changes to the climate.
We support the target to reduce the Capital's CO2 emissions by 60% (against 1990 levels) by 2025.
By then, the city's population is expected to have risen by one million and it is vital we provide the services London needs to support growth while minimising emissions and damage to the local environment. Our initiatives to reduce carbon emissions from transport include:
We have set a target to achieve a 40% reduction in total NOx emissions and 50% in total PM10 emissions by 2017/18 against 2005/06 levels.
The target applies to all our public transport services, including taxis and private hire vehicles. The Low Emission Zone, introduced in 2008, covers most of central London. To drive in it without paying a daily charge, vehicles must meet certain emissions standards that limit pollution coming from their exhausts. Emission standards for the zone were tightened in 2012
The majority of our nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions come from buses. We have made it a priority to replace older, less efficient vehicles with some of the most environmentally friendly buses in the world.
We can also influence taxi and private hire vehicle emissions through licensing arrangements (which state limits on Euro standards and vehicle age).
The Mayor's Air Quality Strategy was published by the Greater London Authority in 2010. It highlighted that the vast majority of London already meets the European Union (EU) limit value for annual mean atmospheric particulates (PM10) concentrations.
However, it also identified a small number of locations in central London that risk exceeding the limit.
As a result, and to complement London-wide measures already being taken to improve air quality, the Mayor committed to applying targeted local measures to help the Capital meet EU targets.
In March 2011, the DfT awarded us £5m to develop and deliver a package of local measures focused on reducing PM10 pollution at priority locations and other identified PM10 hotspots.
This led to the creation of the Clean Air Fund programme. Achievements include:
The movement of trains over the rails, engineering works and customer use all contribute dust to the Tube network.
We know that almost all of the dust in the London Underground system is iron. Our monitoring has also shown that the composition of the dust does not contain components at levels which are likely to pose a risk to health of our passengers or employees.
Find out how we manage the dust levels by regular cleaning of Tube stations and tunnels in our air quality on the Underground report.
In January 2016 we launched LoCITY to improve air quality by lowering London's commercial vehicle emissions. LoCITY is helping fleets prepare for the introduction of the Ultra Low Emission Zone and works with the industry to accelerate uptake of alternatively-fuelled commercial vehicles.
We are helping central and local government, vehicle manufacturers, trade associations and fleet operators come together to achieve these objectives. Find out more about the scheme on the LoCITY website.